What is Macular Degeneration? AMD Symptoms and Treatment
Macular Degeneration is a retinal disease responsible for central vision. This visual impairment, which usually develops due to age, can cause vision loss if left untreated. Macular Degeneration symptoms and treatment.
Macular Degeneration is a retinal disease responsible for central vision. Generally, this disease can be seen after the age of 55 or before it is inherited. If the disease is not treated, it can lead to vision loss.
Early diagnosis is very important in the treatment of Macular Degeneration, a retinal disease.
Who Gets Macular Degeneration?
The main risk factors for age-related macular degeneration are the individual's age and genetic characteristics. On the other hand, hypertension, smoking, diet, high lipid - cholesterol, long exposure to sunlight and obesity.
- People over 55
- Those with hereditary risk
- In hypertension patients
- Those with systemic disease affecting the eye
What Are the Symptoms of Macular Degeneration?
- Vision loss
- Seeing objects and lines crooked
- Blackouts in sight
- Deterioration in vision quality
- Color vision disorders
If Macular Degeneration has occurred due to age-related or hereditary factors, it is not possible to eliminate the disease. However, other risk factors can be controlled.
If there is hypertension, it can be controlled. If smoking should be stopped. Sunglasses with filters should be worn for the sun. The Mediterranean diet is recommended for nutrition. It is recommended to avoid foods containing butter, red meat and cholesterol.
Types of Macular Degeneration
There are two types of Macular Degeneration: dry and wet. Dry type is seen at a rate of 90%, wet type is seen at a rate of 10%. However, early diagnosis is more important because it causes wet-type vision loss. The disease, which progresses more rapidly than the dry type, causes sudden vision loss, deterioration in color vision and contrast sensitivity, and blindness as a result of bleeding in the new vessels formed in the retina and macula over time.
Macular Degeneration Treatment
While protective treatments such as dry type antioxidant vitamins A, C, E, lutein and zinc are applied; In the wet type, intraocular needle therapy and photodynamic therapy are applied. In some stages of macular degeneration (advanced dry type and treated wet type), a special intraocular lens treatment called macrovision is applied.