What is a cataract? Cataract Symptoms and Treatment Methods...

What is a cataract? Cataract Symptoms and Treatment Methods...

What is cataract, one of the most common eye diseases with aging? What are the symptoms and how is it treated? Let's see together.

Cataract is a disease classified by age. Cataracts are divided into two classes. Congenital cataract is a congenital cataract disease. Cataract that occurs with age is called senile cataract.

What Causes Cataract?

The structure of our eye lens, which is one of the main elements of our visual system, is mainly composed of water and protein. As we age, these proteins begin to break down. Fragmented protein particles cause our eye lens to become cloudy over time, impairing our vision.

Factors that cause cataracts other than aging;

  • To smoke
  • Excessive exposure to sunlight
  • Blows to the eye
  • Diabetes
  • High alcohol consumption
  • genetic inheritance
  • undergoing radiation therapy,
  • Past eye surgeries
  • Some drugs used (Steroids, some rheumatism drugs, some psychiatric drugs)
  • Polluted weather conditions

What Are the Symptoms of Cataract?

The first symptoms of cataract are defined by patients as a decrease in the vividness of colors and visual quality. Cataract is a problem that comes with symptoms.

At the beginner level, cataracts cause symptoms such as decreased vision, increased discomfort from car headlights, and the inability to see details in twilight and foggy weather. Cataract patients see colors more in pastel tones.

Those with cataract symptoms;

  • Discomfort from light
  • Flare
  • Eye strain, headache
  • He cannot see far or near.
  • Blurred vision
  • Changing the number of glasses
  • Decrease in night vision
  • Loss of sense of depth
  • Better near vision without glasses
  • Faded negotiation of colors
  • Difficulty driving
  • Difficulty reading newspapers, magazines, books
  • Smoky, foggy vision

How Is Cataract Treated?

  • The most effective treatment method for cataracts is surgical intervention, that is, cataract surgery.
  • You can use glasses to cope with the discomfort seen in early-stage cataracts.
  • Increasing the amount of lighting in your space can also relax you.

How Is Cataract Surgery Performed?

The eye area is usually numbed with local anesthesia. 2 to 3 mm. A small tunnel incision is made, such as a tunnel incision, and the lens clouded by the phacoemulsification technique is fragmented and removed by ultrasonic vibrations. Vision is then improved by placing a high-quality artificial monofocal or multifocal lens on the eye.

Since the lens inserted in cataract surgery also eliminates other visual defects, patients can see far and near without glasses. The surgery takes about half an hour, after which it is recommended to use eye drops for 3 to 4 weeks.

There is no need for hospitalization after cataract surgery.

Post a comment