What Are Hernia Symptoms? What You Should Know About Hernia
A hernia is a swelling that occurs when an internal organ slips through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. Hernia symptoms and what you need to know.
A hernia is the outward displacement, dislocation, and protrusion of the tissues or muscles that hold the organ in place in its natural cavity. Although abdominal hernias come to mind when the hernia is considered alone, hernia of the back and neck hernia are also common conditions in the society.
What Are Hernia Symptoms?
Hernia, which negatively affects the daily life of the person, is defined as a part of the internal organs, mostly a part of the intestine, which protrudes from its natural environment and creates swelling under the skin.
Typically, hernias don't hurt—you'll see a bulge or lump in your abdomen or groin. Sometimes you only see the bloat when you laugh, cough, or strain, such as when you lift a heavy object. Most of the time, you can press it back into place. You may also notice:
- The swelling grows over time.
- You have a feeling of fullness.
- Pain, pressure, or a dull ache around the protrusion.
- Pain when you lift something.
Types of Hernia
Inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia. It occurs most often in men, but in women it sometimes occurs during pregnancy. It is the pushing of fat or a loop of intestines into your groin from a weakness in your lower abdomen.
These are like inguinal hernias, but in a different part of the groin. It is more common in women. They're not common, but they can be dangerous - you may not notice any symptoms unless a muscle closes the hole (called choking) as the bowel goes out. In this case, the lump will be hard and tender, and you may have severe abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting.
These hernias form between your belly button and your chest when some tissue or intestine protrudes from the muscles of your belly button. You may be more likely to get one if:
- Being too fat.
- You have a cough that does not go away.
- Lifting heavy objects, such as during construction work.
- Not being able to empty well when you go to the toilet.
- Frequent vomiting.
Hernia Formed at the Incision Site After Surgery
Incisional hernia is quite common in people who have had surgery on the abdomen. They occur when tissue is pinched from the surgical wound before it has fully healed. You are more likely to get an infection if you encounter problems such as an infection while you are recovering.
In this type of hernia, part of your stomach protrudes through your diaphragm into your chest. You won't see any bloating, but you may have heartburn, chest pain, and a sour taste in your mouth. People 50 and older and pregnant women are more likely to have them.
Hernia in Children
When children have hernias, they are typically inguinal or umbilical hernias. Inguinal hernia is most common in babies born prematurely and in boys born without testicles falling into the bag. Umbilical hernias occur just around the belly button. They usually don't hurt and can look like a belly button. They usually return to their place by the age of 2 years.
Medical Intervention for Hernia
If a ring of intestine gets stuck in a hernia, you have a serious problem called incarceration. It blocks the waste flow in your body. If it gets stuck, blood flow to the intestine can be cut off. Get help right away if you have a hernia and these symptoms:
- The protrusion is dark, purple or red.
- You can't pass gas or poop.
- You have fever.
- Pain that worsens rapidly.
- You are vomiting or feeling nauseous.
How to Prevent Hernia?
You can reduce your chance of having a hernia in the following situations;
- If you have a cough or sneeze that doesn't go away, talk to your doctor. Quitting smoking helps.
- Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains to keep yourself regular.
- Maintain a healthy weight with diet and exercise.
- Use good form when doing physical activity. For example, when lifting a heavy object, bend from your knees, not from your waist.