The Problem of One in 10 Teenage Girls: Scoliosis! What is Scoliosis, How is it Treated?
Recently, one out of every 10 young girls has scoliosis, that is, a curvature of the spine. Experts say that the cause of the curvature is unknown, but there is a familial tendency. So what is the scoliosis?
Noting that there are congenital types of scoliosis in children due to muscle or nerve diseases, he said that scoliosis of unknown cause is the most common type.
What is Scoliosis?
Stating that the incidence of scoliosis in school children is 1.5 percent, experts said, “Scoliosis is a curved shape of the spine similar to the letter S or C. This curvature causes rotation in the spine. The spine rotates around its axis. The scoliosis research community considers curvatures greater than 10 degrees to be scoliosis. This is a cosmetic problem rather than a health problem. It doesn't hurt.''
How Is Scoliosis Detected?
Scoliosis curvature is painless and progresses slowly and may not be noticed until the onset of puberty. The forward bend test is a good test. If he bends forward from the waist without bending his knees parallel to the ground while his back is open, back curvature becomes evident. This pre-test can be done by parents or used for screening purposes. We see if the curvature is a C or S shape. We determine where the curvature is in the back, waist, or both on the back and waist. We define the direction of the curvature. It is also important for girls to lose the symmetry of the waist pits. X-ray measures the angle of scoliosis. In case of doubt, an MRI examination is performed.
How Is Scoliosis Treated?
Scoliosis treatment depends on the size and severity of the cosmetic defect caused by the curvature of the trunk.
Follow-up is done with physical examination and scoliosis film. Posture corrective and muscular endurance exercises are recommended for skeletal maturation and curvature of the spine below 10 degrees. It is followed every 6 months with scoliometer measurements, clinical posture and neurological examinations. If the curvature is cosmetically obvious and the angle is more than 30 degrees, it will be beneficial to follow up with a corset suitable for the body. With corset treatment, it should be ensured that the curvature does not progress further and remains in an acceptable position. Plaster is applied only in small and early-onset scoliosis. In more advanced cases, surgical treatment is planned.