Beware of Iodine Deficiency During Pregnancy! May Trigger Some Diseases...
Iodine is an indispensable need for health not only for babies in the womb, but also at every stage of life. Adequate daily iodine intake differs according to each age and metabolism, and insufficient iodine intake can trigger various diseases.
Iodine, which cannot be produced by the body and cannot be taken from the outside through food, plays an important role in the development of the baby, especially in the mother's womb.
The amount of iodine needed daily, which is an indispensable need for health not only for babies in the womb, but at every stage of life, may differ according to age and the needs of metabolism.
While seafood is a good source of iodine, eggs, meat and dairy products are known to be rich in iodine.
Iodine Balance in Pregnancy
Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can have adverse effects on the development and delivery of the baby. Severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy can cause abortion or stillbirth, as well as congenital abnormalities such as cretinism, a severe and irreversible type of mental retardation.
Iodine, which can be obtained through food, is an indispensable nutrient source for health not only during pregnancy but also in every period of life. Iodine is an essential component in the production of thyroid hormones, including thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
Thyroid hormones are important for the body to use energy properly, to stay at the required temperature, and for the brain, heart, muscles and other organs to function properly.
Symptoms of Iodine Deficiency
Swelling in the front of the neck, or goiter, is the most common symptom of iodine deficiency.
Iodine deficiency, which plays a key role in the regeneration of hair and skin cells, may cause symptoms such as hair loss and skin dryness.
Heavy and irregular menstrual periods can be experienced in iodine deficiency, which also fulfills the task of regulating the menstrual cycle in women.
Natural Sources of Iodine
- Iodized refined table salt
- Saltwater fish
- Cow milk
- Seaweed (including kelp, red seagrass, and nori)
- Frozen yogurt
- Soy milk
- Soy sauce